Divorce (or the dissolution of marriage) is the final termination of a marital union, canceling the legal duties and responsibilities of marriage and dissolving the bonds of matrimony between the parties (unlike annulment, which declares the marriage null and void). Divorce laws vary considerably around the world, but in most countries it requires the sanction of a court or other authority in a legal process. The legal process of divorce may also involve issues of alimony (spousal support), child custody, child support, distribution of property, and division of debt. Where monogamy is law, divorce allows each former partner to marry another; where polygon is legal but polyandry is not, divorce allows the woman to marry another.

India has different divorce laws for different religions. Almost all the religions has their own divorce laws in India which are used among themselves. There are separate laws for inter-cast or inter-religion marriages. Divorce laws in India for Hindus is described in Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. Hindu Marriage Act is also used for Sikhs, Buddhists and Jains as they don’t have their own separate marriage and divorce laws. Here is the list of various divorce laws in India for various religions:

  • Hindu (including Sikhs, Jains and Buddists) : Hindu Marriage Act, 1955
  • Muslims : Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act, 1939
  • Christians : Indian Divorce Act, 1869
  • Parsis : The Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act, 1936
  • Inter-Cast of Inter-Religion : Special Marriage Act, 1954

Grounds for Divorce in India
In India divorce is granted mainly on 4 different grounds. (You can see the grounds for divorce for Muslims here (section number 2):

  1. Adultery
  2. Desertion
  3. Cruelty
  4. Impotency
  5. Chronic Diseases

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